The first Topical Meeting titled “Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials for the Next Generation Nuclear Reactors” was held in June 2006, embedded in the ANS Annual Meeting in Reno,Nevada. This meeting, co-sponsored by MSTD and FED, was chaired by Lance Snead, Dave Petti, Madeline Feltus, and Todd Allen. The meeting consisted of 107 total presentations on fuels and materials for advanced systems. The papers from the meeting will be published in a special issue of the Journal of Nuclear Materials, to be issued in 2007. The next NFSM will take place in conjunction with the 2008 Annual Meeting in Anaheim.